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The tables below provide properties of common engineering materials. The material property data provided are intended to be representative of the material described. The provided values tend toward the conservative end of the spectrum and could be used as baseline design values for preliminary design. However, these values do not conform to any particular specification, and so they should not be used in final design without first consulting with the appropriate material specifications. The data are provided "as is" without warranty of any kind, either expressed or implied. MechaniCalc, Inc. shall not be liable for any damages arising from the use of this data.


Ferrous Alloys

Carbon Steel

Material Condition Yield
Strength [ksi]
Ultimate
Strength [ksi]
Elongation
%
Elastic
Modulus [psi]
Density
[lb/in3]
Poisson's
Ratio
AISI 1020 Hot Rolled 32 50 25 29e6 0.283 0.32
Cold Worked 60 70 5
Stress Relieved 50 65 10
Annealed 28 48 30
Normalized 34 55 22
AISI 1045 Hot Rolled 45 75 15 29e6 0.283 0.32
Cold Worked 80 90 5
Stress Relieved 70 80 8
Annealed 35 65 20
Normalized 48 75 15
ASTM A36 36 58 21 29e6 0.283 0.3
ASTM A516 Grade 70 38 70 17 29e6 0.283 0.3
NOTE : See our materials database for data conforming to specific material specifications.

Alloy Steel

Material Condition Yield
Strength [ksi]
Ultimate
Strength [ksi]
Elongation
%
Elastic
Modulus [psi]
Density
[lb/in3]
Poisson's
Ratio
AISI 4130 Hot Rolled 70 90 20 29e6 0.283 0.32
Stress Relieved 85 105 10
Annealed 55 75 30
Normalized 60 90 20
AISI 4140 Hot Rolled 90 120 15 29.7e6 0.283 0.32
Stress Relieved 100 120 10
Annealed 60 80 25
Normalized 90 120 20
ASTM A242 46 67 18 30e6 0.282 0.3
ASTM A302 Grade A 45 75 15 29e6 0.282 0.29
Grade C 50 80 17
ASTM A514 Quenched & Tempered 100 110 18 29e6 0.283 0.3
ASTM A517 Grade F 100 115 16 29e6 0.280 0.29
ASTM A533 Class 1 50 80 18 29e6 0.282 0.29
Class 2 70 90 16
Class 3 83 100 16
ASTM A572 Grade 50 50 65 18 30e6 0.283 0.3
ASTM A588 50 70 18 29.7e6 0.280 0.28
ASTM A633 Grade E 55 75 18 29.7e6 0.280 0.28
ASTM A656 Grade 50 50 60 20 29e6 0.282 0.29
Grade 60 60 70 17
Grade 70 70 80 14
Grade 80 80 90 12
Grade 100 100 110 12
ASTM A710 Grade A 80 85 20 29.7e6 0.280 0.3
HY-80 80 --- 18 29.7e6 0.280 0.3
HY-100 100 --- 16 29.7e6 0.284 0.3
NOTE : See our materials database for data conforming to specific material specifications.

Stainless Steel

Material Class Condition Yield
Strength [ksi]
Ultimate
Strength [ksi]
Elongation
%
Elastic
Modulus [psi]
Density
[lb/in3]
Poisson's
Ratio
AISI 201 Austenitic Annealed 40 75 40 28e6 0.289 0.27
AISI 202 Austenitic Annealed 40 75 40 28e6 0.289 0.27
AISI 302 Austenitic Annealed 30 75 40 28e6 0.289 0.27
AISI 304 Austenitic Annealed 30 75 40 28e6 0.289 0.29
AISI 304L Austenitic Annealed 25 70 40 28e6 0.289 0.28
AISI 316 Austenitic Annealed 30 75 40 28e6 0.289 0.26
AISI 316L Austenitic Annealed 25 70 40 28e6 0.289 0.26
AISI 405 Ferritic 25 60 20 29e6 0.282 0.28
AISI 410 Martensitic Annealed 40 70 16 29e6 0.282 0.28
Quenched & Tempered 80 100 12
AISI 430 Ferritic 30 60 20 29e6 0.282 0.28
AISI 446 Ferritic Annealed 40 65 16 29e6 0.282 0.28
15-5PH Martensitic precipitation hardenable H900 170 190 10 28.5e6 0.283 0.27
H1025 145 155 12
H1150 105 135 16
17-4PH Martensitic precipitation hardenable H900 170 190 10 28.5e6 0.282 0.27
H1025 145 155 12
H1150 105 135 16
17-7PH Semiaustenitic precipitation hardenable TH1050 150 177 6 29e6 0.276 0.28
A-286 Austenitic precipitation hardenable 95 140 15 29.1e6 0.287 0.31
Alloy 2205 Duplex Austenitic-Ferritic 65 95 25 28.5e6 0.287 0.27
Ferrallium 255 Duplex Austenitic-Ferritic 80 110 15 28.5e6 0.287 0.27
NOTE : See our materials database for data conforming to specific material specifications.

Cast Iron

Material Class Condition Yield
Strength [ksi]
Ultimate
Strength [ksi]
Elongation
%
Elastic
Modulus [psi]
Density
[lb/in3]
Poisson's
Ratio
ASTM A159 Gray Cast Iron G1800 --- 18 --- 9.6 - 14e6 0.264 0.26
G2500 --- 25 --- 12 - 15e6
G3000 --- 30 --- 13 - 16.4e6
G3500 --- 35 --- 14.5 - 17e6
G4000 --- 40 --- 16 - 20e6
ASTM A536 Ductile Cast Iron Grade 60-40-18 40 60 18 24.5e6 0.256 0.29
Grade 65-45-12 45 65 12 24.5e6 0.256 0.3
Grade 80-55-06 55 80 6 24.5e6 0.256 0.31
Grade 100-70-03 70 100 3 24.5e6 0.256 0.3
Grade 120-90-02 90 120 2 23.8e6 0.256 0.28
NOTE : See our materials database for data conforming to specific material specifications.



Aluminum Alloys

Material Condition Yield
Strength [ksi]
Ultimate
Strength [ksi]
Elongation
%
Elastic
Modulus [psi]
Density
[lb/in3]
Poisson's
Ratio
Al 2014 T6, T651 59 67 7 10.5 0.101 0.33
Al 2024 T4 40 62 10 10.5 0.1 0.33
Al 5052 H32 23 38 9 10.1 0.097 0.33
Al 5083 H116, H321 31 44 10 10.3 0.096 0.33
H32 31 56 12
Al 6061 T4 16 26 16 9.9 0.098 0.33
T6 35 38 8
Al 7075 T6, T651 68 78 6 10.3 0.101 0.33
NOTE : See our materials database for data conforming to specific material specifications.

Nickel Alloys

Material Condition Yield
Strength [ksi]
Ultimate
Strength [ksi]
Elongation
%
Elastic
Modulus [psi]
Density
[lb/in3]
Poisson's
Ratio
Hastelloy C-276 Solution annealed 41 100 40 29.8 0.321 0.28
Inconel 625 Grade 1 55 110 30 29.8 0.305 0.28
Grade 2 40 100 30
Inconel 686 Grade 1 85 120 20 29.8 0.315 0.28
Grade 2 125 135 20
Grade 3 150 160 20
Inconel 718 Solution annealed & aged 120 150 20 29.4 0.297 0.29
Solution heat treated 150 180 10
Inconel 725 Solution annealed 40 75 45 29.6 0.3 0.31
Solution annealed & aged 120 150 20
Monel 400 Annealed 25 70 35 26 0.319 0.32
Hot worked 40 75 30
Cold worked, stress relieved 50 80 20
Monel K-500 Annealed & aged 85 130 20 26 0.306 0.32
Cold worked & aged 100 140 15
NOTE : See our materials database for data conforming to specific material specifications.

Copper Alloys

Material Condition Yield
Strength [ksi]
Ultimate
Strength [ksi]
Elongation
%
Elastic
Modulus [psi]
Density
[lb/in3]
Poisson's
Ratio
70/30 Copper-Nickel Annealed 18 45 30 21.8 0.323 0.3
Cold worked 50 65 10
90/10 Copper-Nickel Annealed 15 38 30 20.3 0.323 0.3
Cold worked 30 50 15
Aluminum Bronze 32 85 12 15.5 0.269 0.316
Beryllium Copper Solution heat treated 75 85 8 18.5 0.298 0.27
Precipitation heat treated 140 165 3
Nickel Aluminum Bronze 632 Annealed 34 90 10 16.7 0.274 0.32
Quench hardened 50 90 15
NOTE : See our materials database for data conforming to specific material specifications.

Titanium Alloys

Material Condition Yield
Strength [ksi]
Ultimate
Strength [ksi]
Elongation
%
Elastic
Modulus [psi]
Density
[lb/in3]
Poisson's
Ratio
Commercially Pure Grade 2 40 50 20 14.8 0.163 0.34
Ti-5Al-2.5Sn Annealed 110 115 10 15.5 0.162 0.31
Ti-6Al-4V Grade 5 120 130 10 16 0.16 0.31
Ti-6Al-4V, ELI Grade 23 110 120 10 16.5 0.16 0.31
Ti-5-1-1-1 Grade 32 85 100 10 16 0.16 0.31
NOTE : See our materials database for data conforming to specific material specifications.